Akash, VII STD
Akash, VII STD
Hi guys, do you remember me writing about Bhootha Kola? Well, I told you that there are three cultures. Today, I will write about the second culture, ‘Yakshagana’, the pride of Tulunadu .
Yakshagana, which means – ‘Yaksha’ – demigods and ‘gana’ – songs, is one of the best folk dances of Tulunadu.
Yakshagana [Tulu-Aata, Sanskrit-Yakshagana] is a traditional theatre form that combines dance, music, dialogues, costume, make-up and stage techniques in a unique form mainly found in Tulunadu. Yakshagana is traditionally presented from dusk to dawn.
Yakshagana was there from Madhvacharya’s period. Madhvacharya is the founder of the Astha Mathas of the temple town of Udupi. When Yakshagana is performed in an open theatre, it is called ‘Bayalata. When Yakshagana is performed in houses with minimum participants, it is called ‘Chikka Mela’.
In earlier days, when monsoon came, there was no entertainment like mobiles, television and computer which we have now. The only entertainment was Chikka Mela Yakshagana, which was, coming to houses and performing Yakshagana.
In Yakshagana, they perform based on mythological themes most of the time. For example, Devi Mahatme, Swarnadurge Mahatme, Kateelashwari Mahatme, Mahishasura vade, Sri Krishna Sudhanva Prasanga, Venkatesh Mahime, Shabharimale Mahatme, Sampoorna Ramayana,Dashavatara, Shani Mahatme. Etc.
There are two types of dance forms. Badaguthittu and Tenkutittu. Badaguthittu is famous in Uttara Kannada and Kundapura district. In this, the person who beats the Chende (a long drum) sits and beats it. Tenkatittu is famous in Udupi and Dakshina Kannada. In Badaguthittum, the person who beats the chende stands and beats it. Their costume and dance is also different.
There are many melas of Yakshagana. Melas are the organizations which perform Yakshagana. Dharmasthala Mela, Sowkur Mela, Saligrama Mela, Perudooru Mela, Karnataka Mela, Siri Mela, Goola Garadi Saasthana Mela etc.
Once, I went to Devi Mahatme Yakshagana at Vishwanatha Temple, Katapady. There, the Yakshagana had not yet begun. I wanted to see the make – up, so my aunt and my mother took my brother and me to the green room . There the Chowki puja or Ganesh puja was about to begin. Chowki puja is the puja in which all the performers pray so that the program will be a great success. In this puja, they pray to Lord Ganesha before the Yakshagana. In the Yakshagana, streetsellers sell toys, ice-creams, groundnuts, churmuri etc. The Yakshagana is performed in Tulu and Kannada. After the Yakshagana, they do a puja called ‘mangalaarati’.
Some temples such as Dharmasthala, Kateel etc. are having their own melas to celebrate the fulfillment of the vow of their devotes. For example Kateel Temple has 6 teams of Yakshagana which perform Yakshagana at different places from November to May to fulfill the vow of their devotes. Devotes have to wait 4-5 years after booking their Yakshagana for ‘Devi Mahathme’ performance by Kateel Mela.
Now Yakshagana is commercialized with Tent Melas where the entrance is restricted with an entrance ticket and the performance will be held from dawn to dusk. Now old traditional Yakshagana form is changed with new adaptations. They have introduced social causes and themes in their Yakshagana to catch up with drama and cinemas. However as per my experience Yakshagana is one of the best folk dance cultures.
Shivram Karanth who got the Jnaanapeetha award, was a great choreographer of Yakshagana. He has passed away but his Yakshagana teaching techniques are remembered by the people till now.
I like Yakshagana because it tells us mythological stories in an interesting way. They also make some jokes in the Yakshagana, which makes the Yakshagana funny and interesting.
I get very scared watching the ‘Mahishasura Vade’ yakshagana because the demon ‘Mahishasura’ comes running from the other end of the road carrying one fat stick tied by cloth and burnt in each of the hands.
The Yakshagana costume is very heavy. The special Yakshagana crown is very heavy. They wear clothes on top of each other which makes the clothes heavy. The make up of the demons look very scary.
Altogether, I like Yakshagana very much.
Written by Milind, STD IV.
Drawn by Jashwanth, STD VII.
There was a girl named Avantika. She was a very beautiful and cool minded girl. When she would go to play outside, she was very disappointed because she did not have a cycle.
One day, her friend Geetha said, “Ha! Avanthika see my father bought me a new cycle and I am very happy. But what to do, you don’t have one. Very sad.”When she spoke like that Avantika was very disappointed and went crying to her house.
When she entered her house, her mother said, “Go wash your face and have your coffee.” Since she was in a bad mood and was angry, she shouted, “I don’t want anything!” Seeing this her mother was very shocked and said, “Avantika, I know you want a cycle, so I am buying you a cycle as a birthday gift.” Hearing this, Avantika was very happy and hugged her mother. She went to sleep.
It was the morning of 4th October. It was Avantika’s birthday! Her mother wished her and brought her down and said, “Avantika see there is your cycle!” She rushed towards it and went for a ride. When she went outside, the cycle started going in it’s own direction. Suddenly it got dark and Avantika was screaming!
The cycle’s handle started moving like the hands of an old man with long nails. It came towards her face and made gestures like ‘come’. She was very scared and the wheels of the cycle started flying towards the sky! She was very excited and screamed “Ho! Hooooo!” She saw the whole world from above and saw birds saying hi to her. Her seat suddenly started growing higher and made her sit in the clouds. She was feeling very comfortable and soft. soft, soft. Suddenly the seat dropped and she was falling, falling, falling.
She screamed and opened her eyes! It was the morning of 2nd October. She said “Aiyo! It is only 2nd October” and went downstairs.
Written by Dyuthi, STD VII.
Birds, Birds, Birds,
You are flying in the sky.
I want to talk with you.
Come to me, come to me.
I do not have wings to fly,
Come and take me to the sky!
Birds, birds, birds.
Written by Siri, STD III.
Once upon a time, there was an old house. There lived a witch in that house. She made a lot of potions and one of them was a flying one!
One day she accidentally dropped that bottle and went out. The bottle spread around the house and the house started flying all around the town! Everyone was shocked! They had never seen such a spectacle.
They went to the witch’s house but the witch was not there. So they went to the place where the witch was. They asked her why the house was flying. The witch did not know about it. She went to town, brought her house down and put the potion back in its place again!
Written by Aishwarya, STD III.
Drawn by Yuktha, STD VI.
Once there was a village called Kota. One of the Gods, Swarnadurga, gave birth to a baby. The baby’s name was Mahakali. When she was 34 years old, she became a God. She married a prince named Brahmaputra. Brahmaputra was a very god finder. He would find everybody through their thoughts.
Mahakali decided to be a powerful God. At night, secretly, she was a powerful huntress and during the day she was a simple God. She had magical materials like a necklace, sarees and her magical flower.
One day she went of her house at night to fight with Aranya. Aranya troubled Mahakali. Mahakali killed Aranya with the help of Kalkutka, Yakshi, Raktheshwari and Higuli. But Aranya’s wife gave birth to a baby. The baby was also named Aranya because he also wanted to kill Mahakali.
Aranya went to a place called Saligrama next to Kota village. Mahakali came there with Raktheshwari and Yakshi. Mahakali decided to give Aranya one more chance. They took Aranya to the forest and left. He made friends with the animals. After three months, he came to a place called Sastana. Mahakali also came there with Kalkutka and Higuli. The animals also came with Aranya. An animal was going to stamp on Mahakali but Higuli and Kalkutka ate the animals. Seeing this, Aranya ran away. Aranya thought, “I should kill Mahakali.”
After one and a half months Aranya came to Basrur. Mahakali came with Panjurli to fight. Panjurli had a knife. He came behind Aranya and killed him.
Brahmaputra had found out Mahakali’s secret and wanted to trouble her. Mahakali got angry and called Rakteshwari, Yakshi, Kalkutka, Higuli and Panjurli to her house. Mahakali became a Naagabhootha and killed Brahmaputra. They made a village in Sowkur. They also had a friend called Durgaparameshwari. They made Durgaparameshwari as the main God.
Written by Mohith, STD IV.
Once upon a time, there was a boy named Anesh. Anesh lived in a country called Germany and his age was 9 years. His parents’ names were Ganesh and Philip.
One day Anesh went to the bookstore. He saw a new book called ‘The Ghost’ in the room. He wanted to buy it but he had only €100 and the book cost €200. He ran home to ask his parents for money but near the door there was an old man and he was very thin. Anesh asked the old man, “Excuse me grandpa. Who are you?” The old man answered, “Dear child. I came to give you a magical wallet.” Anesh was surprised and asked “Oh! What a super thing! Show me. How much does it cost?” The old man said “This is it. When you shake it, it gives you €100 but you lose 1 gram of weight at night, 12:00 pm. It is free for you.” Anesh said, “Okay thank you.” and took it. Anesh left. The old man said, “Haa haa! I do not need money. I only need weight to fight.”
Anesh shook the wallet and he got €100. At 12:00 pm he lost 1 gram of weight. In the morning he got up and checked his weight. He saw that he had lost 1 gram. He said, “Oh! this is nothing different from yesterday.”
He went to school. When he was coming back from school, he saw his best friend and thought about buying a gift for her. He quickly ran to the gift shop and bought a beautiful key chain and pencil pouch for €100. He gave it to her. She was very happy. Two friends of Anesh saw this. They also asked him, ” Ha Anesh! Can you buy me skates?” Anesh said, “Oh! No. If i buy for everyone my weight will be lost.” His friends said, “You will buy it for us. and you will lose weight? Ha, don’t joke okay. You will buy it for us or get beatings.” Anesh murmured, “Oh no. When I buy them skates I will lose 10 kgs of weight and if I don’t buy it for them I will get beatings. What should I do?” His two friends said, “Anesh what do you think? Will you buy them or get beatings?” Anesh quickly shook the wallet and bought them skates.
He went home and gave €100 to his mother. His father watched when Anesh was shaking the wallet. His father thought about taking €10,00,000. When Anesh went out with the wallet his two friends came back and asked, “Anesh! Give us money!!” Anesh said, “Why should I give you money?” His friends said, “Ha you bought us skates and because of that we crashed into a car’s glass. I should pay them money. If you don’t give it to me I will hit you badly.” Anesh sadly gave the money to his friends. Anesh went home.
Anesh was disturbed by the magical wallet. He went out and kept his magical wallet at home. His father saw this and shook the wallet till he got €10,00,000. Anesh came home. He saw that his father had taken €10,00,000. Anesh felt bad. He slept.
Written by Ganesh, STD IV.
Drawn by Pragna, STD VII.